Nortel Institute for Telecommunications of the University of Toronto

NIT Conferences, Workshops & Lectures
Event Archive - 2001

Nortel Institute for Telecommunications of the University of Toronto
Distinguished Lecture

Science and Technology for Future Communications Networks

Dr. Cherry A. Murray
Physical Sciences Research Senior Vice President
Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies

December 14, 2001

We live in an era of astounding technological transformation - the Information Revolution - that is as profound as the two great technological revolutions of the past - the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. All around us are now-familiar communication technologies whose very existence would have seemed extraordinary just a generation ago, such as cellular telephones, the optical fiber telecommunications backbone, the Internet and the World Wide Web. Bell Labs Research has a 75 year history of innovation in communications technology as well as science. I will describe some of the current Bell Labs research in future communications networks including all optical longhaul networks, 4th generation ultra-broadband wireless data networks, and science in support of networks even farther in the future.

Cherry Murray is currently Physical Sciences Research Sr. Vice President, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies. Before that she served as Director of the Physical Research Laboratory from June 1997 - March 2000, and Department Head of three departments in the same Lab, the Low Temperature and Solid State Research Department from 1987-1990, the Condensed Matter Physics Research Department from 1990-1993, and the Semiconductor Physics Research Department from 1993- June 1997. She was hired into Bell Labs as a member of technical staff in 1978, after receiving a Ph.D in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she also obtained a B.S. in physics in 1973. Cherry became a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff in 1985. She has numerous publications and two patents.

The Physical Sciences Research Division has approximately 200 researchers in fundamental physics, biophysics, neurobiology, chemistry and material science, as well as applied physics, chemistry and materials, high speed electronics, microelectro mechanical devices and subsystems for optical networks and wireless systems research, leading to inventions and innovations for future communications and microelectronics technologies of importance to Lucent Technologies. A recent accomplishment of her Division has been the invention and development of the optical fabric for the first all-optical crossconnect for telecommunications networks, Lucent's Wavestar LambdaRouter.

Cherry has a broad background in experimental research in low temperature, surface, condensed matter and complex fluid physics, with emphasis on light scattering and imaging. Her own research program currently encompasses imaging of order-disorder transitions in colloidal crystals and self-assembly of optical materials. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Art and Sciences. Cherry is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the American Chemical Society, the Optical Society of America, the Materials Research Society, and Sigma Xi. She won the APS Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award in 1989. She sits on numerous advisory committees for universities. She has over the years held several positions in divisions of the American Physical Society: the executive councils of the Forum on Education and the Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics, on various prize and fellowship committees and as a member of the Panel of Public Affairs. She is current a General Councillor of the American Physical Society, and is the Chair of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Commission on the Dynamics of Matter. For the National Research Council, she serves on the Board of Physics and Astronomy, and the National Nanotechnology Initiative Review Committee. She is also a member of the University of Chicago Board of Governors of Argonne National Laboratory and the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee for the Department of Energy.

Friday, December 14, 2001
3 p.m.
Sandford Fleming, Room 1105
University of Toronto
10 King's College Rd.

Nortel Institute for Telecommunications of the University of Toronto &
Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Distinguished Lecture

Biomedical Imaging using Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

October 26, 2001
Dr. James G. Fujimoto
Professor Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging imaging modality which can generate high resolution, cross-sectional images of microstructure in biological systems. OCT is analogous to ultrasound B mode imaging, except that it uses light instead of sound to obtain image resolutions of 1-15 um. Imaging is performed by measuring the echo time delay of optical backscattering in the tissue as a function of transverse position. OCT functions as a type of "optical biopsy" to permit the in situ visualization of tissue microstructure with resolutions approaching that of conventional histopathology. Imaging can be performed in real time without the need to remove and process a specimen as in conventional biopsy and histopathology. Since OCT is optically based, it can be used with a wide range of clinical instruments. Prototype fiber optic catheter/endoscopes with diameters of 1 mm as well as laparoscopes and hand held surgical probes have been developed. OCT promises to become a powerful medical imaging technology with applications in several possible scenarios: 1. Where conventional biopsy is either hazardous or impossible, 2. Where biopsy has an unacceptably high false negative rate due to sampling errors, and 3. For guiding surgical intervention. In addition to clinical studies, current research involves the development of ultrahigh resolution and spectroscopic OCT imaging. Resolutions as high as 1 um have recently been achieved and cellular level imaging has been demonstrated. This presentation will discuss technology and applications of this new imaging technology.

James G. Fujimoto was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1957. He obtained his bachelors, masters, and doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1979, 1981, and 1984 respectively. Since 1985 he has been on the faculty of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at M.I.T. where he is currently Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. His research interests include the development and application of femtosecond laser technology and studies of ultrafast phenomena. He is also active in laser medicine and surgery, including the development of optical coherence tomography imaging. Dr. Fujimoto was awarded the Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1985, the National Academy of Sciences Baker Award for Initiative in Research in 1990, the Discover Magazine Innovation Award for Medical Technologies in 1999, the Rank Prize in 2002. Dr Fujimoto is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and the IEEE and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has served on several technical program committees and was Program co-chair for the International Quantum Electronics Conference in 1994, program co-chair and general co-chair for the Ultrafast Phenomena conference UP '96 and ‘98, general co-chair for the Quantum Electronics and Laser Sciences conference QELS '96, and is program co-chair for CLEO ’02. He is also on the Board of the Directors of the Optical Society of America. Dr. Fujimoto co-founded the startup companies Advanced Ophthalmic Devices and LightLabs Imaging.

June 19-22, 2001
Master of Engineering in Telecommunication - Executive Development Program

Impact of IT/Telecom Convergences on Network Business


Tony Yuen
Adjunct Professor,
Rogers Dept. of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
MET Director

Joe D’Cruz
Rotman School of Management,

Alberto Leon-Garcia
Rogers Dept. of Electrical and
Computer Engineering,

Hudson Janisch
Faculty of Law, UofT

Miss Yuk-wha Li
Business Planning,
Nortel Networks

Industry Sponsors:

AT&T Canada
Bell Canada
Nortel Networks

The purpose of the program is to provide a business, as well as a technology, perspective on the impact of the Internet on the convergence of IT and Telecom. Emphasis will be placed on the emergence of network-based businesses and business models and how their development affects the future of the computing, telecommunications, and related industries. Examples that will be used to illustrate the market dynamics would include AT&T, AOL-Time Warner, Microsoft,, Charles Schwab, and Dell. The implications for the Canadian telecom market will also be discussed, with contributions from industry experts who are also members of the MET Advisory Board.

Location: Executive Development Centre, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto (St. George campus)
Fee: $1500 per person for the entire program

Inquiries: Linda Espeut, Operations Manager, MET Program
tel. 416-978-4766 e-mail:

For full schedule listing,

Nortel Institute for Telecommunications of the University of Toronto &
Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Distinguished Lecture

Towards eHealth: the promise, perils and paradoxes of telecommunications in the health system

Dr. Alejandro (Alex) R. Jadad, M.D., D.Phil.
Director, Program in eHealth Innovation; Senior Scientist, Division of Clinical Decision-making and Health Care Research; Rose Family Chair in Supportive Care; Professor, Departments of Health Administration and Anaesthesia; University Health Network, University of Toronto

This lecture was presented on January 16, 2001 at the University of Toronto.

The health system provides unparalleled opportunities to understand and influence the role that technology plays in society. Technology is promising opportunities for more rapid, more effective, and wider organization and exchange of health knowledge. Unlike any other era, massive amounts of information - both scientific and experiential - can now be exchanged in all directions: professional to professional, professional to public, public to professional, and public to public. Therefore, it is no longer the availability of information that determines the quality of decisions, but how the information is accessed, interpreted, exchanged, integrated and applied by all the interested parties.

The information age is also creating many new challenges and perils. Thinking that fancy technology and information will lead, on their own, to a richer, more efficient, balanced, humane and equitable health system-public relationship has proven naïve. The rapid developments in information technology are outpacing the ability of the system to keep up. Most health-related programs and health care systems were built for the pre-Internet era. The level of connectivity and compatibility of the computer systems across organizations that provide health services, and often among components of the same organization, is poor. Policy makers and managers are unable to monitor the impact of technology on health-related issues or to respond to the opportunities to improve health services created by new technology. Health professionals are feeling overwhelmed by clinical work and do not have the time or the incentives to re-tool and adapt their practices to the information age. Patients and other members of the public are using the Internet increasingly for health-related reasons, but many still do not have access to it. Those with access, however, find that the system is not adapting fast enough to meet their needs.

In this lecture, I will:
  • Present data from studies that have evaluated the impact of technology on the public-health system relationship;
  • Highlight the main lessons learnt from ongoing projects that explore, with input from patients and health care providers, the role of the Internet on the health system;
  • Discuss how and why overcoming existing barriers that are hindering the full potential of technology will require substantial changes in the levels of health literacy of the general population, in the structure and politics of the health system and even in the way in which humans think and behave.

Dr. Jadad is a 37-year old Colombian-born physician, patient advocate, researcher and educator. In 1994, he received a Doctor of Philosophy degree at the University of Oxford (Balliol College), becoming one of the first physicians in the world with a doctorate in knowledge synthesis. In 1995, he moved to Canada and joined the Department of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics at McMaster University, where he was Professor and Chief of the Health Information Research Unit and Director of the McMaster Evidence-based Practice Centre. In October 2000, he moved to Toronto. His research focuses on the development and evaluation of unique strategies to enhance the health system, through state-of-the-art technology, to help people access and use the knowledge and services they require to meet their health-related needs, regardless of who or where they are. In 1997, Dr. Jadad received a National Health Research Scholars Award, from Health Canada; in 1998 one of ‘Canada’s Top 40 Under 40’ awards, and in 1999 a Premier’s Research Excellence Award, in recognition for his efforts to improve our understanding of the role of knowledge and technology in health-related decisions. Alex is married, with two children (and enjoys spending time with them more than anything else). He also likes to play the piano and perform close-up card tricks (all at a basic level).

Past events - 2000